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Death March From Auschwitz!

The Auschwitz – Birkenau and Sub-Camps

Evacuation and the Death Marches – January 1945


The Red Army advances towards Germany

17 January 1945


Units of the Red Army advance on the outlying areas of Krakow from the north and the northwest and surprise the German positions, which do not expect an attack from this flank.


The last official meeting of the General Governor Hans Frank takes place at 12.0 o’clock, barely two hours later Hans Frank leaves Krakow in the direction of Silesia.


On this day 178 female prisoners and two boys were transferred from the Plaszow concentration camp in Krakow to the women’s camp in Birkenau.


The male and female prisoners fall in for their last roll call. The number of prisoners incarcerated in the main camps and sub-camps are as follows:



Number of


Male or Female










Birkenau Production Area



Auschwitz Men’s Camp



Birkenau Men’s Camp



Auschwitz Women’s Camp



Birkenau Women’s Camp










In the wake of the decision to remove the prisoners from Auschwitz, Commandant Baer personally chooses the leaders of the evacuation columns from among the members of the guard companies and orders them to liquidate ruthlessly all prisoners who attempt to escape during the evacuation or drag their feet.  


Among the SS guards who were chosen to lead the evacuation columns were the notorious SS- Oberscharfuhrer Wilhelm Boger, who was a feared member of the Politische – Abteilung, SS-Unterscharfuhrer Oswald Kaduk, Rapportfuhrer, who was also considered one of the more brutal members of the SS guards.


In the auxiliary camps that belong to Monowitz, formerly Auschwitz lll, are the  following number of male prisoners:

Read more here: http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/othercamps/auschdeathmarch.html

The Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team

Copyight Carmelo Lisciotto H.E.A.R.T 2009

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