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Interrogation of SS wachman Dmitriy Korotkikh

From Record of Interrogation of Defendant Korotkikh

City of Voroshilovgrad 21 April 1950 

(Selected Extracts)

 [photos added to enhance the text]



1. I, Senior Lieutenant YEVSTIGNEYEV, Senior Investigator of the Ministry of State Security of the Ukraine, Voroshilovgrad Region, have interrogated on this day

KOROTKIKH, Dmitriy Nikolayevich,born in 1912, native of the village of Khlevnoye, Khlevnenskiy district, Vorenezh Region, Russian, citizen of the USSR.

The interrogation started at 11.20am.


Kiev football team Korotkikh is the third man from the left

Having surrendered as prisoner to the Germans, I was held for some six days in the prisoners of war camp in the town of Belaya Tserkov, from where the Germans took me together with a large number of war prisoners by train to the prisoners of war camp at Chelm (Poland), where we were kept for about two months without occupation.

Subsequently, again with other prisoners, I was taken, as I found out later, to the SS training camp of the village of Trawniki (Poland) where I remained from November 1941 to the spring of 1942 and was trained to be a guard (wachman).

Question: Under what circumstances did you happen to find yourself in the SS training camp?

Answer: While I was in the Chelm camp, four German officers in SS uniforms came to the camp, aligned the prisoners and began to pick out the physically healthy ones. I happened to be among the war prisoners, numbering about 80, who were thus selected.

That same day we were loaded into cars and taken to the SS training camp at Trawniki.

Question: Did the German officers tell you where to and for what purpose they were recruiting war prisoners?

Answer: No, while they picked out war prisoners, the German officers did not tell us where to and for what purpose they were doing so. It was only after my arrival at Trawniki that I learned that war prisoners were being selected to be trained in the police training camp of the SS.

Question: What was the SS training camp in the little town of Trawniki really like?

Answer: The SS training camp in which I was trained was situated at the edge of the little town of Trawniki, on the territory of a factory, in a few large, brick one-storied building. The German Kommandantura was also housed there in a two-storied building.

The SS training camp or the school for guards as it was called, prepared trained policemen for guard and convoy duty in the SS troops and to exterminate prisoners held in concentration camps.

The training period in the SS school for guards was indefinite, it depended on the need for guards. These were taken from the camp regardless of their state of preparedness, but the training period was roughly of about six months.

During our stay in the SS guards school, we underwent drilling and shooting training. We studied weapons – the rifle, also the rules of sentry duty. We learned German songs and took special training in sentry and convoy duty, learned the rules for the guarding and convoying of prisoners.

In the spring of 1942, I do not recall the month, after completing the SS school for guards, together with a group of selected guards comprising some 30 men whom Fedorenko, Krivenko, Prisch, Dudniko and others of the Trawniki school.


Read more here: http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/trials/Korotkikhtestimony.html


The Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team



Copyright Carmelo Lisciotto H.E.A.R.T 2010

Copyright Carmelo Lisciotto H.E.A.R.T 2010

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