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Otto Horn Testifies at the Demjanjuk Trial in Berlin

Otto Horn

Extracts from the Horn deposition in the Demjanjuk case – 26 February 1980 
 in Berlin

[photos added to enhance the text]

Otto Horn

Otto Horn was born in Obergrauschwitz near Leipzig, he attended an extended elementary school until the age of 14. He then worked on a farm for four years after which he worked as a miner in Borte.


Horn worked in a psychological clinic at Arnsdorf serving two years apprenticeship and after qualifying he served for two years at a psychological clinic in Leipzig/ Dosen, and then he returned to Arnsdorf.


In 1939 he joined the Wehrmacht attached to a medical battalion serving in Dresden, and then in Poland during the start of the Second World War as a medic.


He was stationed at Geldern and then to France, in August 1941 he was released from the Wehrmacht, and ordered to the euthanasia institute at Sonnenstein, Pirna, where he served as a male nurse.


In September 1942 he was ordered to the East and went to the SS Training camp at Trawniki and after two weeks training was sent in October 1942 was sent to the Treblinka death camp, where he worked in the Totenlager (the death camp/ Upper Camp).


Survivors recalled after the war that Horn was a decent man who never hurt anyone, he supervised the mass graves and eventual burning of the corpses on “roasts.”


Horn left Treblinka in September 1943, after the revolt a month earlier and went on an extended holiday in Arnsdorf with a simulated illness. In January 1944 he was posted to Trieste, along with former Aktion Reinhard colleagues.

He refused to work and was sent back to the Heil und Pflegeanstalt in Arnsdorf.


After fourteen days in Arnsdorf in December 1944 he was posted to the Landeschutzenbattalion in Plauen, possibly as a punitive measure, at the War’s end he was in Czechoslovakia where the Russians captured him.


He was arrested and brought to trial in the first Treblinka trial in 1965, where he was acquitted, and he appeared in the film Shoah, by Claude Lanzmann during the 1980’s






Q. Please state your full name?

A. Otto Horn


Q. What city do you reside in?

A. Berlin.


Q. What is your date of birth?

A. The 14th of December, 1903


Q. What is your present age?


 A. I am currently 76.


Q. What is your profession?

A. I am a male nurse.


Q. Are you now working or are you retired?

A. I am a pensioner.


MR. MARTIN: A what?

A: Mr Zanker : 'm a pensioner.


Q. Have you been in German military service?

A. Yes.


Q. Before we went off the record, you indicated that you travelled from Treblinka to Trawniki. Is that correct?

A. Yes.


Q. And approximately when was it that you arrived at Treblinka?


Read more here: http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/trials/horn.html


The Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team



Copyright Carmelo Lisciotto H.E.A.R.T 2011

Copyright Carmelo Lisciotto H.E.A.R.T 2010

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